What if there is no life out there???

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Hello, ladies and boys! I hope everything is ok! 

Every time we are going to study something new and we have to learn something new,
We get in doubt about some aspects and details of what we are studying…
There are a lot of questions to be asked and there are a lot of answer to be found.

Once I was reading about about the Universe and life and I saw myself just wondering about existence

Some people believe that there is life in other planets, some people think we are alone, some people agree that we were created by God, others believe we are always changing, thus we are in an evolutionary process. 

Did you know?how

There are billions of huge stars and there are billions of galaxies in the Universe.
The Milky Way is just one of them…

We live in the Solar System which is in The Milky Way.
There is a Sun and there are nine planets, that is what we know so far…earth-23594_960_720

Our planet is called Earth and there is one moon close to us.
Currently, there are approximately 7,347 billion people living on Earth.

There are fourteen moons around Jupiter and
there are ten moons around Saturn.                                       

Eventually, we have some questions…ufo2

Is there anybody living out there???
Who knows???

Who can tell???

Is there oxygen in the atmospheres of other planets?

Why is there oxygen on Earth?
Why is there no oxygen in space?

Is there any other planet with the same atmosphere as us?
Yes, there are other planets with atmospheres, but they are very thick, hot and acidic.
However there is no way to know for certain if there are other planets like ours, we do know that there are other stars that look like the sun out there…
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Every time you want to talk about existence you use:
There is (singular) and There are (plural).

To make questions you have just to change the sentence order and ask:
Is there…?
Are there…?

To form negative statements, you can say…
There is no… or There isn`t…
There are no…. or There aren`t….

Como você pode ver, para falar de existência (Há, de haver e existir) você deve usar There is se for no singular e There are se for no plural.

Se for perguntar algo…
Is there… ?
Are there…?

E para negar você deve dizer… (Não há, não existe, não existem, não tem…)
There is no… or There isn`t…
There are no…. or There aren`t….

That`s it guys! Thank you so much for being here with me once more and I hope to be with you soon!!!

See you soon!
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From now on Sissying your English- Abel Brandão!

 

 

 

 

Should, Ought to, Had Better

Screenshot_2017-05-28-21-59-27-1Hello, hello my dear friends! How have you been doing?

It`s a long time that I do not come and write something new for you!!!

Today I want to write about the last modals of this list of modals!
And I am going to talk about SHOULD, OUGHT TO and HAD BETTER.
(Hoje quero escrever sobre os últimos modais desta lista! Vamos falar de Should, Ought to e Had Better)

Then, get ready and let`s study and learn a little bit more huh!!!smiley-295353_960_720

SHOULD

It is used to express advice, suggestion and recommendation:
(Should é usado para expressar a ideia de  conselho, sugestão e recomendação).

You should sleep early.
(Você deveria dormir cedo).
could wake up
He should eat more vegetable.
(Ele deveria comer mais vegetais).

She should wake up early.
(Ela deveria acordar cedo).

We should travel more.
Nós deveríamos viajar mais).

They should practice more exercises.
(Eles deveriam praticar mais exercícios).

INTERROGATIVE

To make the interrogative sentence, you have to make the following…
(Para fazer a forma interrogativa, você deve fazer o seguinte…)
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Should you sleep early?
(Você deveria acordar cedo?)

Should he eat more vegetable?
(Ele deveria comer mais vegetais?)

Should she wake up early?
(Ela deveria acordar cedo?)

Should we travel more?
(Nós deveríamos viajar mais?)

Should they practice more exercises?
(Eles deveriam praticar mais exercícios?)

NEGATIVE

To make a NEGATIVE sentence, you have to ways: In a conversation when you are talking to someone you can say : Shouldn`t, however if you want to be more formal and you are writing something you can write: Should Not.
(Para fazer a forma negativa, você tem dois jeitos: Se estiver conversando pode falar SHOULDN`T que é a forma abreviada, mas se quiser ser mais formal quando estiver escrevendo pode usar SHOULD NOT).
Junk_food_portail.svg
You shouldn`t sleep late.
(Você não deveria dormir tarde).

He shouldn`t eat more junk food.
(Ele não deveria comer muita besteirinha).

She should not wake up late.
(Ea não deveria acordar tarde).

We should not stay too much at home.
(Nós não deveríamos ficar muito em casa).

They should not be so lazy.
(Eles não deveriam ser tão preguiçosos).

OUGHT TO

OUGHT TO Is also used to express advice, suggestion and recommendation:
(ought to também é usado para expressar um conselho, sugestão e recomendação).
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You ought to drive slowly.
(Você deveria dirigir devagar).

He ought to sleep more.
(Ele deveria dormir mais).

She ought to study English.
(Ela deveria estudar Inglês).

We ought to work less.
(Nós deveríamos trabalhar menos).

* OUGHT TO is less common than SHOULD
(Ought to é menos comum do que Should)

Interrogative-Negative

Ought to in the interrogative form is used in the following way:
how
Ought you to travel with your parents?
(Você deveria viajar com seus pais?)

Ought she to study more?
(Ela deveria estudar mais?)

Ought to in the negative form is used in the following way:

You ought not to travel alone.
(Você não deveria viajar sozinho).

He ought not to be afraid.
(Ele não deveria ficar com medo).

HAD BETTER


HAD BETTER-
Is used to express advice, but it gives the idea that if the person does not listen to the advice, he/ she can face some serious, or even negative consequences.
(Had Better é usada expressando a ideia de conselho, porém tem a ideia de que se a pessoa não ouvir o conselho, ele/ela pode acabar encarando e sofrendo consequências).

If you are going to make a test, you had better study more.
(Se você vai fazer essa prova, é melhor estudar mais).

Sheila is sick, she had better stay at home and rest.
(Sheila está doente, é melhor ficar em casa e descansar).

John worked too much last night, he had better sleep more.
(John trabalhou muito ontem, ele deveria dormir mais).

Negative

In the negative form, you can make as in the following example:

Luh is so lazy, she had better not travel so much.
(Luh está muito preguiçosa, ela não deveria viajar tanto).

If you drink, you had better not drive.
(Se você beber, não deveria dirigir).

Fran is hiding one very important information about the car accident, he had better not lie.
(Fran está escondendo uma informação muito importante sobre o acidente de carro, é melhor não mentir).

music-score-notes
Let`s practice a little bit more singing a very nice song???
Do you know- Should I stay or Should I go now?

Thank you so much for being here with me once more! 

See you soon my friend!

gay kiss

From now on Sissying your English- Abel Brandão

How to use Question Words with verb to BE to form questions!

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Hey, hey, hey pretty girl and boys! Is everything alright?

Have you ever heard the questions-1- What is your name? 2-Who are you? 3-Where are you from?  And 4-When is your birthday???
(Você já ouviu as perguntas: 1-Qual o seu nome? 2-Quem é você? 3-De onde você é? E   4-Quando é o seu aniversário?)

Well, all those questions have something in common… We used Questions Words (What, Who, Where and when and also verb to Be).
(Bem, essas perguntas em algo em comum… Foram usadas Question Words (What, Who, Where and When junto com verb To BE).

This is what we are going to talk today in our chatlesson, so be ready and let`s start!

WHAT

What in Portuguese means O que or Qual. It is used to talk about people and things in general. (What é usado para pessoas e coisas em geral).

What is your favorite color?what are you doing
(Qual a sua cor favorita?)

What is your profession?
(Qual a sua profissão?)

What are you doing?
(O que você está fazendo?)

What is this? What is that?
(O que é isto? O que é aquilo?)

WHO

Who means Quem. you use it when you want to know who a person is.
(É usando quando se quer saber quem é uma pessoa).

Who are your parents?who are your..
(Quem são os seu pais?)

Who is your teacher?
(Quem é o seu professor?)

Who is your best friend?
(Quem é o seu melhor amigo?)

Who is calling you?
(Quem está te ligando?)

WHERE

Where means ONDE. It is used to places. (É usado para lugares).

Where is the mall?where
(Onde é o shopping center?)

Where is your house?
(Onde é sua casa?)

Where are you?
(Onde você está?)

Where is my backpack?
(Onde está minha mochila?)

WHEN

When means QUANDO. It is used to know about time. 

When is your vacation?when
(Quando são as suas férias?)

When is your wedding?
(Quando é o seu casamento?)

When is the show?
(Quando é o show?)

When is the party?
(Quando é a festa?)

HOW

How means COMO. It is used to ask about manners and ways.
(É usado para perguntar sobre como fazer algo e também como alguém está se sentindo).

How are you?how
(Como você está?)

How is your father?
(Como vai o seu pai?)

How do you go to work?
(Como você vai para o trabalho?)

-> To answer you can use- I go to work by bus, by car, by train, by subway…
(Para responder você fala… Eu vou para o trabalho de ônibus, de carro, de trem, de metro…)

WHICH

Which just like what means O que or Qual. However you use WHICH when you have to make a choice.
(Contudo você usa o WHICH quando deve fazer uma escolha).

Which sports do you prefer, soccer or volley?
(Que esporte você prefere, futebol ou volley?)

Which story did you like most?question-mark-1829459_960_720
(De qual estória você gostou mais?)

Which of you is John?
(Qual de vocês é o John?)

WHY

Why means POR QUE. Why is used to make questions and BECAUSE is used to answer those questions.
(Why é usado para fazer perguntas e BECAUSE (PORQUE) é usado para responder).

Why are you here?question-310891_960_720
(Por que você está aqui?)

Why are you studying English?
(Por que você está estuando Inglês?)

Why is she crying?
(Por que ela está chorando?)

To answer you can say… Because she is going to marry!
(Para responder você fala…Porque ela vai casar!)

That`s it guys! Thank you so much for reading this article and I hope to see you soon and that you have learned a little bit more!

Let`s keep studying English huh?!!!

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From now on Sissying your English- Abel Garcia Brandão

 

 

 

 

MUST

Screenshot_2017-05-07-23-43-57-1

Hello dear lady and boys, is everything ok? I hope you are fabulous just as I am!

You know?! Let me tell you, every weekend I like to go out to dance and have fun with my friends, what about you?
(Sabe, deixa eu te contar uma coisa, todos os finais de semana eu gosto de sair para dançar e me divertir com meus amigos, e você?)

I live in São Paulo, It is  a city where we have many amazing dance clubs, and if you come here one day you must visit some of them! If you like to dance and have fun, then It is a MUST!
(Eu moro em São Paulo, uma cidade onde nós temos muitos lugares fantásticos para dançar, e se você vier aqui um dia cê deve visitar alguns desses lugares! E se você gosta de dançar e se divertir, então é um dever!)

However you must remember that if you drink you must not drive and of course you must behave well and be polite and nice to everybody respecting the rules of the places.
(Contudo deve lembrar que se beber  você não deve dirigir e claro você deve se comportar bem e ser educado e legal com todos respeitando as regras dos locais).

Guys, as you can see, in the sentences above I used many times MUST to talk about things you have the obligation and are prohibited of doing, and this is the subject of our chatlesson today!
(Galera como vocês puderam ver, nas frases a cima eu usei várias vezes a palavra MUST para falar sobre coisas que você tem a obrigação e são proibidos de fazer, e é sobre isso que iremos conversar hoje).

MUST

MUST- Is used to express Obligation.
              (É usado para expressar obrigação)

lazy studentYou must study more. (Você deve estudar mais).

Check some other examples. (Veja outros exemplos).

You MUST wake up early to enjoy the day.
(Você deve acordar cedo para aproveitar bem o dia).
You MUST work out, then you will lose more weight.
(Você deve treinar mais, só assim você vai perder mais peso).
You MUST buy that dress, it is so beautiful!
(Você deve comprar aquele vestido, ele é tão bonito!)

NEGATIVE

In the NEGATIVE form MUST is used to express PROHIBITION.
It is used in two ways in a speech: MUSTN`T  which more used in a conversation and  MUST NOT which is more formal.
(Na negativa MUST é usado para expressar Proibição. Ele pode ser usado de duasdrunk-148530_960_720 formas: MUSTN`T  mais comum em conversas
MUST NOT que é mais formal).

The kids MUSTN`T play video game now.
(As crianças não devem jogar video game agora).
She MUST NOT jump because she is pregnant.
(Ela não deve pular porque ela está grávida).
He MUST NOT run because his leg is broken.
(Ele não deve correr porque está com a perna quebrada).

MUST- ASSUMPTION

MUST is also used to express ASSUMPTION: It is similar to a conclusion
(Must também é usado para expressar ASSUMPTION, que é similar a uma conclusão).

tired
You MUST be kidding. (Você deve estar brincando né?!)
John broken up with Kelly, they MUST be very sad.
(John terminou com a Kelly, eles devem estar super tristes).
He studied in the best colleges, he MUST be very intelligent.
(Ele estudou nas melhores faculdades, ele deve ser muito inteligente).
music-score-notes

To practice a little bit more I`m going to show you a song that you must know, It is a classic from a wonderful music band that must respect ! 

QUEEN-> The show must go on (O show tem que continuar)

Thank you so much for being here with me once more I hope to see you soon!

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From now on Sissying your English- Abel Brandão

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Did you know… about Ireland???

ireland

Did you know that Ireland is the second-largest island of the British isles?
Politically, Ireland is divided between the Republic of Ireland an independent state, which covers five-sixths of the island and its largest city is Dublin, and Northen Ireland, which is part of the United Kingdom, in the northeast of the island, and its largest city is  Belfast.Ireland-Capitals
The area of this country is  of 84, 421km 2 and they share an open border.
Talking about economy, in Ireland they have two currencies, euro and pound sterling and they speak two main languages- Irish and English.

In Irish literature you may find famous names such as Jonathan Swift the author of Gulliver`s travels and also Oscar Wild who wrote The Picture of Dorian Gray.
In sports Gaelic football is the most popular sport there followed by hurling and rugby.

Saint Patrick is the World wide famous Patron saint of Ireland, his day is on 17 March, people celebrate the arrival of Christianity in Ireland and also, it is believed that this is the day of his death. It is a religious and cultural holiday, it involves public festivals and parades.
Irish_clover (shamrocks)People wear green and also shamrock (a three-leaved plant), which is a young sprig of clover used a symbol of Ireland, St Patrick used it to explain the Holy trinity to the pagans.
When you toast to St Patrick you can swallow the shamrock with the drink or tossed over the shoulder for good luck. Some people attend services at churches, and also it is a tradition of alcohol consumption.

Rainbow_Leprechaun

A Leprechaun is a type of fairy in Irish folklore. They are usually depicted as little
bearded men, wearing a coat and hat. They are solitary creatures who have a hidden pot of gold at the end of the rainbow. If captured by a human, they often grant three wishes in exchange for their freedom.

Flag_of_Ireland.svg

Let`s sing a very traditional song from Ireland called Molly Malone

Thank you so much for being here with me once more my pretty friends!!!

See you soon again!

gay kiss

Did you know… about Scotland???

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Did you know that Scotland is part of Great Britain?
Scotland subsequently entered into a political union with the Kingdom of England on 1 May 1707 to create the new Kingdom of Great Britain and it is made up of more than 790 islands.
The capital of this country is Edinburgh, however the largest city is Glasgow and the great majority of the population is Christian.
The area of this country is of 77, 933 km 2 and Scottish people speak English and also Gaelic.

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Life expectancy for those born in Scotland between 2012 and 2014 is 77.1 years for males and 81.1 years for females.

The men of Scotland wear a skirt called kilt and each family or clan has its own tartan. Scottish whisky is very famous world wide because of its strong taste and they have also bagpipes which is the national musical instrument that led Scottish soldiers into battle.

In literature they have Robert Louis Balfour Stevenson who was a Scottish novelist, poet, essayist, and travel writer. Among his most famous works we find –Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde

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Let`s listen to a Bagpipe being played.

And now let`s listen to Scottish English accent!

Thank you so much for being with me and find out some curiosities about Scotland!

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From now on Sissying your English!

WOULD

would cover

Hello dear ladies and boys, is everything fine? Today is a cold here and all I wanted is to drink a hot chocolate to drink and watch a good movie.
(O dia hoje está frio e tudo que eu queria era tomar um chocolate quentinho e assistir um bom filme).

What would you like to do if you had more time? Would you sleep more? Would you travel? Would you clean your house? What would that be?
(O que você gostaria de fazer se tivesse mais tempo? Dormiria mais? Viajaria mais? Limparia sua casa? O que você faria?)

Our chatlesson today is about the modal verb WOULD, so get ready and let`s learn a little bit more about this amazing modal! 

WOULD

It is a modal verb used to express:

Invitation Would you like to go to the party with me?
Convite- Você gostaria de ir à festa comigo?
Wish/ desire
I would like some sugar in my coffee
Desejo- Eu gostaria de um pouco de açúcar  no meu café.
To make offers
Would you like some coffee? tea? cookies?
Oferecer- Você gostaria de um pouco de café? Chá? Biscoitos?
Hypothetical ideas
I would travel around the world if I had money!
Ideia hipotética- Eu viajaria pelo mundo se eu tivesse dinheiro!
To make requests
Would you do me a favor?
Pedir algo– Você me faria um favor?

Interrogativequestion-mark-1750942_960_720

To make an interrogative statement you have to use the modal WOULD before the noun:
(Para fazer uma frase na interrogativa você simplesmente deve colocar WOULD antes do sujeito da frase).
whatever

Would you scream if you see a celebrity you like?
(Você gritaria se encontrasse uma celebridade que você gosta?)
What would you do if you had a million dollars?
(O que você faria se ganhasse 1 milhão de dólares?)
What would you do if it was the last day of your life?
(O que você faria se esse fosse seu ultimo dia de vida?)
What would you do if you could change your life right now?
(O que você faria se pudesse mudar sua vida agora?)
What would you do if you were the president of your country?
(O que você faria se fosse o presidente do seu país?)
Where would you go if you had time to travel?
(Onde você iria se tivesse mais tempo para viajar?)

Negative

To make negative statement you have to use the modal WOULD+ NOT after the noun.
(Para formar uma frase na negative deve usar WOULD+NOT depois do sujeito da frase).

WOULD NOT is more used in a written, formal language or when you want to emphasize the information you are trying to pass in your speech.
(WOULD NOT é forma formal de se fazer uma frase na negativa ou mesmo quando quer enfatizar algo).

In spoken language it is more used WOULDN`T.
(No dia a dia é mais comum quando se está conversando falar WOULDN`T).

burglary-1639422_960_720
I know John, he wouldn`t buy that house.
(Eu conheço o John, ele não compraria aquela casa).
If I were you, I would not send this file.
(Se eu fosse você, eu não mandaria esse arquivo).

Abbreviation

 

skipping-160101_960_720 To make the abbreviate form of WOULD, you can make the following:
I`d          He`d           It`d           They`d    You`d            She`d         We`d

He`d cook if he knew how to do it.
(Ele cozinharia se soubesse como cozinhar).
They`d meet more if they could.
(Eles se encontrariam mais se pudessem).
She`d wear this dress, if she had money to buy it.
(Ela usaria esse vestido, se tivesse dinheiro para comprá-lo).

womens-musicLet`s sing a pretty nice song from Beyoncé- If I were a boy.

Guys thank you so much for being here with me once and study about Would.
I hope to meet you all here agina soon.

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From now on Sissying your English- Abel Brandão