Did you know… about Scotland???

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Did you know that Scotland is part of Great Britain?
Scotland subsequently entered into a political union with the Kingdom of England on 1 May 1707 to create the new Kingdom of Great Britain and it is made up of more than 790 islands.
The capital of this country is Edinburgh, however the largest city is Glasgow and the great majority of the population is Christian.
The area of this country is of 77, 933 km 2 and Scottish people speak English and also Gaelic.

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Life expectancy for those born in Scotland between 2012 and 2014 is 77.1 years for males and 81.1 years for females.

The men of Scotland wear a skirt called kilt and each family or clan has its own tartan. Scottish whisky is very famous world wide because of its strong taste and they have also bagpipes which is the national musical instrument that led Scottish soldiers into battle.

In literature they have Robert Louis Balfour Stevenson who was a Scottish novelist, poet, essayist, and travel writer. Among his most famous works we find –Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde

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Let`s listen to a Bagpipe being played.

And now let`s listen to Scottish English accent!

Thank you so much for being with me and find out some curiosities about Scotland!

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From now on Sissying your English!

WOULD

would cover

Hello dear ladies and boys, is everything fine? Today is a cold here and all I wanted is to drink a hot chocolate to drink and watch a good movie.
(O dia hoje está frio e tudo que eu queria era tomar um chocolate quentinho e assistir um bom filme).

What would you like to do if you had more time? Would you sleep more? Would you travel? Would you clean your house? What would that be?
(O que você gostaria de fazer se tivesse mais tempo? Dormiria mais? Viajaria mais? Limparia sua casa? O que você faria?)

Our chatlesson today is about the modal verb WOULD, so get ready and let`s learn a little bit more about this amazing modal! 

WOULD

It is a modal verb used to express:

Invitation Would you like to go to the party with me?
Convite- Você gostaria de ir à festa comigo?
Wish/ desire
I would like some sugar in my coffee
Desejo- Eu gostaria de um pouco de açúcar  no meu café.
To make offers
Would you like some coffee? tea? cookies?
Oferecer- Você gostaria de um pouco de café? Chá? Biscoitos?
Hypothetical ideas
I would travel around the world if I had money!
Ideia hipotética- Eu viajaria pelo mundo se eu tivesse dinheiro!
To make requests
Would you do me a favor?
Pedir algo– Você me faria um favor?

Interrogativequestion-mark-1750942_960_720

To make an interrogative statement you have to use the modal WOULD before the noun:
(Para fazer uma frase na interrogativa você simplesmente deve colocar WOULD antes do sujeito da frase).
whatever

Would you scream if you see a celebrity you like?
(Você gritaria se encontrasse uma celebridade que você gosta?)
What would you do if you had a million dollars?
(O que você faria se ganhasse 1 milhão de dólares?)
What would you do if it was the last day of your life?
(O que você faria se esse fosse seu ultimo dia de vida?)
What would you do if you could change your life right now?
(O que você faria se pudesse mudar sua vida agora?)
What would you do if you were the president of your country?
(O que você faria se fosse o presidente do seu país?)
Where would you go if you had time to travel?
(Onde você iria se tivesse mais tempo para viajar?)

Negative

To make negative statement you have to use the modal WOULD+ NOT after the noun.
(Para formar uma frase na negative deve usar WOULD+NOT depois do sujeito da frase).

WOULD NOT is more used in a written, formal language or when you want to emphasize the information you are trying to pass in your speech.
(WOULD NOT é forma formal de se fazer uma frase na negativa ou mesmo quando quer enfatizar algo).

In spoken language it is more used WOULDN`T.
(No dia a dia é mais comum quando se está conversando falar WOULDN`T).

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I know John, he wouldn`t buy that house.
(Eu conheço o John, ele não compraria aquela casa).
If I were you, I would not send this file.
(Se eu fosse você, eu não mandaria esse arquivo).

Abbreviation

 

skipping-160101_960_720 To make the abbreviate form of WOULD, you can make the following:
I`d          He`d           It`d           They`d    You`d            She`d         We`d

He`d cook if he knew how to do it.
(Ele cozinharia se soubesse como cozinhar).
They`d meet more if they could.
(Eles se encontrariam mais se pudessem).
She`d wear this dress, if she had money to buy it.
(Ela usaria esse vestido, se tivesse dinheiro para comprá-lo).

womens-musicLet`s sing a pretty nice song from Beyoncé- If I were a boy.

Guys thank you so much for being here with me once and study about Would.
I hope to meet you all here agina soon.

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From now on Sissying your English- Abel Brandão

MAY-MIGHT

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Hey there, is everything alright?

In the picture above you can say that the girl may be late to her class because the car is broken and the boy might have some difficulties to fix it.
(Na foto a cima você pode perceber que a menina vai se atrasar para a sua aula porque o carro quebrou e o rapaz pode demorar um pouco para concertá-lo).

Keeping writing about the Modals, today I want to talk about two very nice ones-MAY and MIGHT.
(Continuando escrevendo sobre os Modais, hoje quero falar sobre MAY e MIGHT).

So, pay attention to what you are going to read because It is really easy and interesting.
(Então, prestem atenção para o que você vai ler porque é muito fácil e interessante).

MAY- Affirmative

MAY-Is used to express a possibility, probability and an ability in the Present moment, but in a stronger way:
(May é usado para expressar possibilidade, probabilidade e habilidade no Presente, porém de uma forma mais forte).may friends

I MAY travel tomorrow.
(Eu posso viajar amanhã).
You MAY  come to my house.
(Você pode vir para minha casa).
She MAY be late because of the traffic.
(Ela pode se atrasar por causa do tráfego).

Pay attention that you do not need the preposition TO between May and the next verb.
(Prestem atenção que você não precisa usar TO entre May e o próximo verbo na frase).

I may get a good grade if a study hard.
(Eu posso conseguir uma boa nota se eu estudar muito).

Interrogative

In the INTERROGATIVE form MAY is considered the most formal one to be used to make a request or to ask for some information:
(Na forma interrogativa MAY é considerado o mais formal dos modais para fazer uma perguntar ou pedir algo a alguém).may coming

May I talk you ?
(Eu posso falar contigo?)
May I come in?
(Eu posso entrar?)
May you bring me a cup of water?
(Você pode trazer um pouco de água?)
May I ask you a favor?
(Eu posso te pedir um favor?)

Negative

In the NEGATIVE form the sentence is formed by MAY NOT:
(Na forma negativa você simplesmente fala-> MAY NOT).may busy

I MAY NOT be there on time because of the rain.
(Eu não posso chegar na hora por causa da chuva).
She MAY NOT come here today because she is busy.
(Ela não pode vir aqui hoje porque ela está ocupada).
We MAY NOT go to the party tonight, sorry!!!
(Nós não podemos ir para a festa hoje a noite, desculpa!)

MIGHT

MIGHT- Is used to express a remote probability and a remote possibility:
(É usado para expressar uma probabilidade ou possibilidade remota).
may run
The day is really hot today, It MIGHT rain. (The chances of rain are so low)
(O dia está muito quente, pode chover).
–>Pode chover dá a ideia que a chance de chover é remota ou muito pequena.

The traffic is really horrible, she MIGHT arrive on time to the meeting.
(As the traffic is hard she has low chances of arriving to the meeting on time)
(O tráfego está horrível, ela talvez não chegue na hora para a reunião).
–>Como o transito está muito pesado a chance dela chegar na hora certa para a reunião é muito pequena.

I MIGHT travel to Florida, I don`t have enough money this month.
(As I do not have a good quantity of money, then my chances of traveling are really low).
(Eu talvez viaje para Florida, mas eu não tenho bastante dinheiro esse mês).
–>Como eu não tenho uma boa quantia de dinheiro, minha chance de viajar é bem pequena.

music-score-notes
Let`s sing with Bob Dylan in a song full of May and Might and practice a little bit more of what we have studied here today!

Mates thank you so much for being here with me once more, I really liked it and I hope you have learned something new and I wish we may meet here again very soon.

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From now on Sissying your English- Abel Brandão

 

 

 

 

 

 

CAN

dancers-cover can

Hello dear ladies and gentlemen, Can you dance?  Can you jive?

Today I was talking to a friend and he was saying to me how much difficult he has to understand the modals and he asked my help, and I`m writing this first post because I know just him there are a lot of people who have some difficult to understand the modals too.

(Hoje eu estava conversando com um amigo meu e ele estava falando o quanto ele tem dificuldade em entender os Modais. Assim como ele eu sei que há muitas pessoas que sentem essa mesma dificuldade, por isso estou escrevendo este post).

Every time that I talk about this modal, I remember all the things is possible for me and all the things I can do because I have the ability of doing them!

(Todas as vezes que falo desse Modal, eu lembro de todas as coisas que são possíveis para mim e todas as coisas que eu tenho habilidade e capacidade de fazer).

In our chatlesson today I`m going to start talking about CAN.

CAN

It is used to express an ability, possibility and probability in the Present moment:
(Can é usado para expressar uma habilidade, possibilidade e probabilidade no Presente).can-travel

I CAN speak English- Ability 
(Eu posso falar Inglês).
I CAN travel to Paris- Possibility
(Eu posso viajar para Paris).
They CAN buy that house- Probability
(Eles podem comprar aquela casa).

 
Pay attention that when you use CAN- you do not need to use the preposition TO between CAN and the next verb.
(Preste atenção que quando você usa Can não precisa usar a preposição To depois de Can).can cook chef

You can cook your meals.
(Você pode cozinhar sua comida).
She can tidy her bed.
(Ela pode organizar o quarto dela).
He can buy that car.
(Ele pode comprar aquele carro).

Interrogative

In the INTERROGATIVE form, you just change the sentence order, using the modal in the beginning of the sentence. CAN in a interrogative sentence is seen as neutral or informal by some authors:

(Na forma interrogativa, você só precisa mudar a sequencia da frase, colocando o Can no inicio da sentença. Se for fazer uma pergunta usando Can vale a pena lhe chamar a atenção para o fato de que Can é tido como informal ou neutro na interrogativa).hello-1379252_960_720

CAN I talk to you? (Eu posso falar com você?)
Can you give me the salt? (Você pode me dar o sal?)
Can she speak German? (Ela pode falar Alemão?)
Can you call me later?
(Você pode me ligar mais tarde?)

Negative

In the NEGATIVE you have two ways to answer. Generally in a spoken way you can say CAN`T which is the abbreviated form, and to be formal you can say CANNOT:
(Você tem duas formas de fazer uma frase na negativa, você tanto pode falar CAN`T que é a forma abreviada, ou CANNOT se quiser ser mais formal).can kiss

You CAN`T open the door. (Você não pode abrir a porta).
She CAN`T kiss me. (Ela não pode me beijar).
We CAN`T dance anymore! (Nós não podemos dançar mais!)

Can you sing a song in English? yeah?
Then, let`s try it.
Here we have a song and in it you can find many times Can and Could being used.
Let`s listen to it and then sing!!!
The Weeknd- Can`t feel my face!

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Ladies and gentlemen thank you so much for being here with me once more studying and Learning.
I hope to see you soon again!

gay kiss

From now on Sissying your English- Abel Brandão!

COULD

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Hello my Maniacs on the dance floor, is everything ok?

Keeping the serie of Modals, today I want to write about Could and every single time I talk about this modal, I remember things form my Past, just like…
(Continuando a série sobre Modais, hoje eu quero escrever sobre Could e toda vez que falo sobre esse moda,, eu lembro de coisas do meu passado, tipo..)

When I was 18 I could dance until the dawning and I could play songs with my friends on the street, I could make a lot of different things, but I couldn`t live alone, I couldn`t travel to other countries… Well, I could speaks for hours about my memories, however let`s focus on our subject.

(Quando eu tinha 18 anos eu podia dançar até o dia amanhecer e eu podia tocar música com meus amigos na rua, e podia fazer muitas coisas diferentes, porém não podia morar sozinho e viajar para outros países… Bem, eu podia passar horas falando sobre minhas memorias, mas vamos focar no nosso assunto de hoje)

In our chatlesson today I`m going to talk about COULD.
(No nosso chatlesson de hoje vamos falar de COULD).

Get ready and let`s go!!! (Se preparem e vamos lá!!!)

Affirmative

COULDIs used to express one ability, possibility and probability from the PAST:speaking
(
É usado para expressar uma habilidade, possibilidade e probabilidade no passado).

I could speak Italian- ability
(Eu podia falar Italiano).
I could watch movies in the afternoon- Possibility
(Eu podia assistir filmes a tarde).
They could  play the piano- probability
(Eles podiam tocar piano)

The same which happens with the other modals, happens to COULD. You do not need to use the preposition TO between Could and the next verb.
(Assim como acontece com os outros Modais, com o Could você não precisa usar a preposição To depois de Could.)

I could do it a hundred times. (Eu poderia fazer isso uma centena de vezes).
She could barely listen to me. (Ela mal podia me ouvir).
We could change the World. (Nós podíamos mudar o mundo).

Interrogative

In the INTERROGATIVE form, you just change the sentence order, using the modal in the beginning of the sentence. COULD is more formal than CAN in a interrogative sentence:
(Na forma interrogativa você também deve mudar a ordem da sentença, e o COULD vem no inicio da frase. COULD quando usado na interrogativa é mais formal que CAN).could wake up

Could I talk to you?
(Eu poderia falar contigo?)
Could you give me your notebook?
(Você poderia me dar seu caderno?)
Could she speak French?
(Ela podia falar Francês?)
Could you tell me how was your life when you were a child?
(Você poderia me contar como foi sua infância?)

Negative

In the NEGATIVE you have two ways to answer. Generally in a spoken way you can say COULDN`T, and to be formal you can say COULD NOT:
(Assim como no caso do Can, com o Could, você pode usar a forma abreviada COULDN`T ou a forma mais formal COULD NOT para fazer a forma negativa).could dance

You COULDN`T say that to him.
(Você não podia falar aquilo pra ele).
She COULDN`T kiss me at that time.
(Ela não podia me beijar naquela época).
We COULDN`T dance a lot.
(Nós não podíamos dançar tanto!)

Can you sing a song in English? yeah?
Then, let`s try it.
Here we have a song and in it you can find many times Can and Could being used.
Let`s listen to it and then sing!!!

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Ladies and gentlemen thank you so much for being here with me once more studying and Learning.
I hope to see you soon again!

gay kiss

From now on Sissying your English- Abel Brandão!

Present Continuous

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Hello my dear ladies and boys! Is everything ok with you guys today?

This year I decided to start new projects in my professional life and also in my personal life.
(
Este ano eu decidi começar novos projetos na minha vida pessoal e professional).

I`m writing this blog, I`m recording and posting videos on Sissy English channel on Youtube and I`m writing my English materials for my classes.
Uhhhhh a lot of things to do,huh?!!!student-776190_960_720

(Eu estou escrevendo este blog, eu estou gravando videos e postando no canal do
Sissy English no Youtube e eu estou escrevendo meu material para minhas aulas. Uhhhh um monte de coisa hein?!!!)

I`m also dedicating time to myself and I`m working out! It`s good to our health.
(
Eu também estou dedicando tempo pra mim mesmo e estou malhando! Isso faz bema saúde!)

As you can see, in the sentences above I used Present Continuou (ING) many times to talk about actions in progress in my life and that`s what I`m going to talk about in our chatlesson today.
(
Como você pode ver nas frases a cima eu usei Present Continuous (ING) para falar sobre muitas ações que estão acontecendo na minha vida e é sobre isso que quero falar no nosso chatlesson hoje).

In English The Present Continuous Tense is used to express one action in progress, an action that is happening in a certain time in the present moment.
(Present Continuous é usado para expressar uma ação em progresso, uma ação que está acontecendo no presente).

Do not forget that it is formed of
Subject+ verb to Be+ verb and ING

I       + am             + cooking

ING

É representado em Português por: indo, endo, ando.

He is working out recently.treinando
(Ele está malhando/treinando recentemente).

She is running.correndo
(Ela está correndo).

I`m smiling.smiling
(Eu estou sorrindo).

Generally you use the following expressions of time in the Present Continuous:
(Você pode usar as seguintes expressões com o Present Continuous).

This week- Esta semana                         At the moment- No momento
This month-
Este mês                              Right now- Exatamente agora
This year-
Este ano                                 Now- Agora
This morning-
Esta manhã                    Today- Hoje
This afternoon-
Esta tarde                   Recently- Recentemente
This evening –
esta noite                        Currently- Hoje em dia

   I`m working too much this month. (Estou trabalhando muito este mês).
You are studying now.
(Você está estudando agora).
She is drinking water.
(Ela está bebendo agua).
He is watching tv.
(Ele está assistindo tv).
The cat is eating fish.
(O gato está comendo peixe).
We are collecting some objects.
(Nós estamos colecionando alguns objetos).
They are walking together recently.
(Eles estão andando juntos ultimamente).

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It is made in the very same way you make a question with verb to BE.

I am studying–> Am I watching tv? (Eu estou assistindo tv?)

You are studying–> Are you sleeping? (Você está estudando?)

She is resting–> Is she resting? (Ela está descansando?)

Negative

I am eating–> I`m not eating. (Eu não estou comendo).

We are leaving–> We are not leaving. (Nós não estamos indo embora).

He is reading a lot–> He is not reading a lot. (Ele não está lendo muito).

SPECIAL RULES

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When the verb ends in the letter E, you drop this letter and add ING:
Quando o verbo terminar na letra E, você retira o E e adiciona ING).

Dance- I am dancING. (Eu estou dançando).
Save- He is savING money. (Ele está guardando dinheiro).

*CVC- consonant, vowel, consonant- you double the last consonant and add ING:
(CVC- Consoante, vogal, consoante- Você dobra a ultima letra e adiciona ING).

RUN- She is RUNNING. (Ela está correndo).
STOP- STOPPING

When the verb ends in the letters IE, you drop these letters and you add YING.
(Quando o verbo terminar em IE, você tira o IE e adiciona YING).

Die- He is DYING. (Ele está morrendo).

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Let`s practice singing a very nice and cute song!!!

Thank you so much, I do not have words to say how happy I am because you are here studying! I hope to see you soon.

gay kiss

From now on Sissying your English- Abel Brandão

Pride and Prejudice

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Pride and Prejudice

Pride and Prejudice is a book from the author Jane Austen who was born  in 1775 at Steventon in Hampshire in England. She never married, and she spent her life very close to her family and she died in Winchester in 1817, aged only 42.

Pride and Prejudice originally called First  Impressions was published in 1813. The book is full of wise and clever observation of the people and manners of her time.

Summary

The book tells the story of a family, the Bennets who have five unmarried girls (Jane, Elizabeth, Mary, Kitty and Lydia), their mommy is totally in despair to marry her daughters.

They attend a ball at which Mr. Bingley is presented, he falls in love with Jane, and Jane with him.  However, he has a very close friend called Mr. Darcy who is proud, has a sense of superiority and a selfish disdain for the feelings of others.  Although he secretly gets in love with Elizabeth, he is so proud to show it though.

One day The Bennits receive the visit of Mr. Collins, a clergyman who wants to marry the oldest daughter (Jane), but it is not possible because she hopes to marry Mr. Bingley, then Mr. Collins makes a proposal to Elizabeth, who refuses.

Elizabeth and Mr. Darcy face several misunderstandings. Although they love each other, they do not show it because they are very proud. Elizabeth is very hurt because of the things Mr. Darcy did and said and Mr. Darcy has a very bad idea of Elizabeth`s family. Therefore Mr. Darcy listens to his feelings which speaks louder and makes a proposal to Elizabeth who refuses it.

One day the Bennets receive the news that Lydia have ran away with Wickham, a young officer. This situation can bring desgrace to the family, but in secret Mr. Darcy helps the family giving a certain amount of money to Wickham.

After knowing what Mr. Darcy has done for her family, Elizabeth starts to think different of Mr. Darcy and opens her heart to love him. He again makes a proposal, talks to her father and they decide to marry.

Movies

You can find two movies based on this book:

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Pride and Prejudice (1940) it is an American adaptation directed by Robert Z. Leonard.
Starring  Greer Garson as Elizabeth and Laurence Olivier as Mr. Darcy

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Pride and Prejudice (2005) a romantic drama American-British movie directed by Joe Wright.
Starring Keira Knightley as Elizabeth and Matthew Macfadyen as Mr. Darcy.

They are  movies to all your family.
Thank you for reading baby!

gay kiss

See you around, huh?!!

From now on Sissying your English- Abel Brandão